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Newspaper Archive of
Jewell County Record
Mankato, Kansas
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January 13, 1966     Jewell County Record
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January 13, 1966
 

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County Record, Mammm Thur lay, January mm SOIL CONSERVATION By Clyde C. Reed The need for soil and water conservation increases as the price of land increases. Many farms in the county have areas on them that are not profitable. We have always had and need areas that produce wildlife cover. These areas we have in abundance. On the other hand we have many areas that were let go hack to grass. These were non- gullied non-productive areas that we fenced in with the pas- ture. Many of these areas were gullied so badly it was not pos- aible to farm them with tractors. We do this because the farmer produces this abundant food at a relatively cheap price. Fertile soil produces cheap food so it is to the interest of everyone to keep our soil fer- tile. Soil erosion is the chief reason for starvation in many parts of the world today. We just can't afford to let our re- sources erode away. The Jewell County Soil Con- servation District has done an outstanding job in using local, state, and national resources to jointly get an important job done. The county soil and water conservation contractors pay for extra layout help amountng to lake was built south of town. From it, in late 1964, clean fil- tered water began flowing into every Westphalia home. More than 36,000 Kansans plus hundreds of businesses, schools, and churches which are a part of their communities benefited by the middle of 1965 from new water .~]stems design- ed for modern living. For these families it's a major milestone - one marked with a feeling of progress and pleasure. One suc- cessful farmer remarked, "back in the 1930's we got electricity - that was a great jump forward. This year we got running water. Now we can begin to live." Just as hearts beat faster tion treatment. The soil survey helps to control erosion for wise land use. It also helps to use each acre according to its capa- bility and treat it according to its needs. THE JEWELL COUNTY SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT PROGRAM By Jay Wierenga, Chairman The Jewell County Soil Con- servation District is responsible for applying Conservation to Jewell County farm and pasture land. To get this job done we signed a memorandum of under- standing with the United States Department of Agriculture for sures. We can not waste our limited minerals because they are needed to produce newly discovered materials. Science has actually increased the de- mand tremendously. Conserva- tion means the intelligent use of what we have. How okt will you be in 19807 forty? fifty' sixty? seventy? You'll still be young enough so that you will want to eat, buy new clothes, drive your car and enjoy wildlife. But will you be able to? That depends! Perhaps by that time there will be 250,000,000 people in this country. Will the United States be able to produce that much more materials for needed uses? Our natural resources are rapid- By Jim Gunter, County Agricultural Agent Jeweil county has some of the most productive land in the state of Kansas. Soil and water conservation is certainly respon- sible for much of the high pro- duction on the farms in the county today. As one is in different parts of the county he begins to appre- ciate the work that has been done in this important area, as there are very few areas that have not had some conservation work done on them. In the past 20 years, agricul- ture has benefited from more revolutionary developments than Today these non-productive about two man years. They alsowhen electric lights replaced the help of the SCS technicians, ly decreasing. Our population is at any other time in history. AI- areas may still not pay taxes on furnish staking flags for the smoky kerosene lamps, there isThe County Soil Conservation racing ahead, though we have an abundance of the present value of the land. work they construct. These con- a strong emotional upswing District, not the SCS, handlesColleges and universities are technology available on agricul- Most of them can be made pro- tractors are helping our farmers when piped-in water replaces grass seed, pipe for dams, andincreasing the studies in con-tural production, production ductive if the erosion is stopped, and the entire county by fur- the old water bucket. New hopetrees for Jewell county farms-- servation. The Biology Depart-must be linked with manage- gullies and ditches filled and the nishing layout assistance along surges all along the waterline, also staking flags are furnished merit of the Kansas State Tea-memt if we are to meet the de- area planted to grass. More far- with the important construction In Kansas the reaction has been by the Soil Conservation District chers College of Emporia is con- mands placed upon today's mers are doing this every year.work they do. dramatic enough to cause but county contractors pay forstantly increasing its workshops, farmer. In general any land that was The Soil Conservation DistrictGeorge J. Cunnnigham, Farmers the flags used on the jobs they etc to provide more conserva- Today the emphasis in conser- once farmed and not reseeded is backing a big grass reseeding Home Administration State do. tion instruction for our teachers. needs to be plowed and planted program that is extremely im- Loan Officer, to say, "Piped-in Our conservation contractors The Interstate Printers and ration is not so much on runoff to grass, portant to JeweU County. water can give birth to and stop are real important to the con-Publishers, Inc Danville, and erosion control as on the i Under the Great Plains Con- When touring the county with th dea ihesOf UoraleC mmmrU:iwti: er servation job. We have good Illinois, publishers of numerous whole soil and crop management servation Porgram cost sharing the selection committee for out- "" ones in Jewell County. textbooks in science and con- program for a farm. Manage" is available for filling gullies in standing conservation farmers or better water should take the The District purchases grass servation, has established thement of soil and water is one of land that is replanted to grass, we noted many outstanding following steps if they want seed through the advice of ourconservation education award, This is a new program that helps examples of high quality con- Farmers Home Administration SCS technicians. Adapted grassan outstanding contribution for the most important management to reclaim "abandoned' land servation work. financing. 1. Survey their seed is important to our reseed- what is much needed forour problems facing the farmer. The and make it profitable. Our senators and congress- neighbors to see if they are in- ing program. Purchasing it re present and our future, farmer who uses good manage- Many farms are in need of men from farm states or com- terested in joining together on a ouire~ the knowledge of some- ~ ment practices in conserving his windbreaks. Trees around a munities appreciate the need for nonprofit cooperative basis. 2.one trained in this part of ag- THE GREAT PLAINS soil and water as well as manag- farmstead have many values. If soil and water conservation Talk to the FHA about the best riculture. We are real proud of CONSERVATION PROGRAM ing his other resources will be properly placed trees add much work. Senator Russell from way to obtain a supply of waterthe excellent stands and the By Clyde C. Reed the farmer who will be produc- to beautify the landscape. FarmGeorgia says, "In former times, and build a distribution line. 3. ol aFtv of reseeded grass in ing the nation's food supply 20 buildings against a background there were many who looked O-ganize by electing a tempor-the county. This part of our pro- The Great Plains Conservation years from now. Program continues to be a popu- lar program with Jewell county farmers. The program was initi- ated into the county in 1961 and to date 167 farmers have signed contracts totaling over one half million dollars in cost sharing funds. The Great Plains program guarantees cost sharing along with tectlnical assistance in con- servation management. Contracts can be spread over a long per- iod, up to 10 years. Payments keep up with increased costs; if the cost goes up, the payments for the conservation work goes up. The Great Plains program in- cludes all of the needed conser- vation practices, waterways, ter- races, diversions, ponds and pits, seeding grass, fencing grass seedings on cropland, and tree plantings. The importance of balancing cropland with grassland and unprofitable cropland to grass is brought out in the Great Plains program. Under this program parts of a cropland field that are replanted to grass can be fenced and cost sharing received for the fence. Also under the program gullies in the reseeded area may be dozed in and some payment received. The purpose ot this is to get the erosion stopped on these areas by filling the gullies, fertilizing the area, establishing a cover crop, and then planting the grass. Great Plains contracts may be modified and changes made to keep up with changes in farming or farm programs. There are many acres of land in the county that are not producing profitable crops or grass. The Great Plains Conservation Program is helping correct this. The Jewell County Soil Con- servation District in cooperation with the farmers in the county has done a tremendous job in making JeweU county a more productive area and an,area that will remain productive due, in part, to the conservation of our soil and water. A MINISTER'S VIEW OF CONSERVATION By Rev. Dean Rose "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." (Genesis 1:1) All things were created by GOd the Scriptures tell us. Man was given dominion over the animals, vegetation, and the earth. These things are to be used by man. The soil is ours only for cur lifetime. We can not own it permanently. We are merely stewards of the land for God. The fundamental prin- ciple of stewardship is that God as creator is the real owner of all material resources. How we conserve the land that God created is evidence of our ac- ceptance of our responsibility as stewards. It is also a measuring stick of our love for God. We cannot destroy that which God has created and given to us for our use and still claim to love God wtih all our heart and mind. The Master also commanded us to "love your neighbor as yourself". Our conservation of the land also expresses our love and concern for our neighbors. If we misuse the land for our own selfish purposes or because of our laziness, we are not ex- pressing our love for those who will inherit the land when we are gone. Conservation of the land is, therefore, not an alternative, but for the Christian a necessity, for it expresses our Faith in and our love for God. of green trees gives a farmer a feeling of "coming home" every time he drives into his yard. Trees are inexpensive. They just don't cost very much. Chemicals are available to keep out the weeds. The main value of a farmstead windbreak is protection for live- stock and also the farmer and his family. Trees are something that do something for you every day, beauty, wild-life habitat, windbreak, picnic areas, and erosion control. / THE BANKER'S INTEREST By Forrest Fair, Jewell County Key Agriculture Banker The banker is interested in agriculturemoney for the because banker it as well makes as other businesses. Agriculture feeds the nation and agriculture wealth is tied to soil. Soil and water conservation is basic to a sound farm enter- ,prise. We need to guard the future in agirculture or we will lose the advantages we now have. In 1965 the National Bureau of the Budget proposed that 20 million dollars be deleted from the SCS budget for tech- nical assistance. It was also pro- posed that 100 million dollars be slashed from ACP cost-sharing funds. This deficit was to be made up by charging the farmer a "user" fee for conservation services provided by SCS. This proposal was attacked in an un- way by farmers le, businessmen, state governors, state legislatures, & Inembers of congress. The pro- po l was buried for the time being but we need to be dilieent so that the Budget Bureau does- n't try again and succeed. Con- servation is everybody's business. We enjoy the best eat- ing of any nation in the world. upon conservation as essentially a rural problem. No idea could be more erroneous or dangerous. Conservation is the concern of everyone who eats food, drinks water, and rears a family - in short, it is the concern of all mankind." The Jewell County Bankers and other businessmen are proud of the accomplishment of JeweU County farmers in soil and wa- ter conservation. RUNNING WATER GENERATES RURAL AREAS DEVELOPMENT By: Walter J. Campbell, Farmers Home Administration The incorporated town of Westphalia in Anderson County, Kansas was losing business. Empty stores spotted Main Street.Some houses were va- cant and people from surround- ing farms, who were retiring and should move into town, were moving instead to neighboring Garnett and Iola. Led by local leaders like Charles D. Thomp- son, president of the State Bank of Westphalia, and Wayne Pracht, farmer, the 249 residents took stock of their situation. Should they let everything go down the drain or make a fight for it? An inventory showed many assets: oiled streets, churches, busy elevator, a strong bank, a grocery store, several good homes. In all directions lay good family fat'ms producing good crops of milo, soybeans, and prairie hay, and quality ho s, sheep, and cattle. Staring the villagers in the face, however, was the shortage of water. Outside privies and ill-designed septic tanks endan- gered water taken from shallow wells. The town applied to the Far- mers Home Administration and received a loan of $130,000. A ary board of directors. Hire an engineer to design and estimate the system's total cost. 4. Apply to Farmers Home Administra- tion for financial help if the project is economically feasible. SOIL SURVEY By Vernon Hamilton, Soil Scientist The soil survey is progressinq in Jewell County. Nearly 45.000 acres were mapped and clas- sified as to soil type and land capability class. The purpose of the survey is to make a national Land - Capability Inventory which provides the facts needed to put each piece of land to its safe and most productive use. This inventory gathers and in- terprets data on kind of soil, as silt loam, clay loam, sandy loam: degree of slope, as steepness or topography: erosion, as none, moderate or severe; and other land and water features as geo- logical materials or watertables. The soil survey classifies land, acre by acre, as suitable for in- tensive cultivation, susceptibil- ity to erosion, grazing, forestry, or wildlife. The information is aerial photos to make the land- capability map which also in- dicates the kind of treatment each piece of land needs. The soil survey is made for farm plans and Great Plains plans at present, but maps will 'be made on land in JeweU County for future use. The soil maps. are made in the field on the land. The soil hydrolic probe sampler is helpful in obtaining the soil sample for study and classification. The probe also saves time and more samples may be observed on a piece of land. The soil map is a tool or guide between the farmer and the SCS technician in planning conserva- gram has meant many dollars to Jewell County. The Soil Conservation District can offer many services to far- mers of the county through the st-ff of the Soil Conservation Service. O-e of the most important services is that of a conserva- tion farm plan. A farm plan will show the needed conservation work for the farm. It gives the farmer an air photo that in- dicates needed conservation work. It also provides a soil man of the farm. The farm plan will help the farmer to do first things work ties together in a good way. The Great Plains Conservation Program is also offered in Jewell County. It has become quite popular. Guaranteed cost sharing and supervision of need- ed work ispart of the Great Plains program. A conservation farm plan is tied in with the Great Plains program. We be- lieve many more farmers should be interested in this part of the Districts program of service to the farmers. Soil and water are important to JeweU County. The Soil Con- servation District works to con- serve and use each to the best advantage. SOIL CONSERVATION By Carl A. Westin County Superintendent Approximately two-thirds of our one billion acres of farm and pasture land is inside soil corn servation district boundaries. There is no simple way to beat erosion and waste and save our good earth. We must think of water as the lifeblood of America, timber a necessity for tomorrow, wild- life as our Vanishing Americans, and our supply of various min- erals as America's buried trea- SOIL AND WATER MANAGEMENT ~J ,A ]. 5